The Bible is the set of canonical books of Judaism and Christianity. The canonicity of each book varies depending on the tradition adopted. According to Jewish and Christian religions, the Bible conveys the Word of God. The Bible, or at least a portion thereof, is translated into 2,303 languages.
The word Bible comes from, via Latin, ta ta hagia Bible, 'holy books', with 'papyrus' or 'roll', also used for 'book'. It is believed that this name was born as a diminutive of the name of the city of Byblos, a major market of old papyrus. This phrase was used by Jews of the Hebrew cities well in advance of the birth of Jesus of Nazareth to the Tanakh or Old Testament, which was then used by Christians and by adding the Gospels and apostolic letters which form the New Testament.
The Holy Christian Bible we know today was first assembled at the Council of Hippo in 393 AD. This canon of 73 books (46 belonging to the so-called Old Testament, including 7 books now called deutero-Tobit, Judith, I Maccabees, II Maccabees, Wisdom, Ecclesiasticus and Baruch, which are not recognized by the Jewish canon and valued as canonical by Protestantism, and 27 to the New Testament) was confirmed at the Council of Carthage in 397 and confirmed again by decree in the fourth session of the Council of Trent of April 8, 1546 (the latter is valid only for Roman Catholics).
The Old Testament tells mainly the story of the Hebrews, the New Testament, the life, death and resurrection of Jesus, his message and the history of the early Christians.
The New Testament was written in Koine Greek. It is frequently quoted the Old Testament from the Septuagint, the Greek translation of the Old Testament produced at Alexandria in the third century C.
The Holy Bible is for believers the word of God for being undoubted these divine inspiration. It is a book eminently spiritual and talks about the history of mankind, his creation, his fall into sin and salvation, which exposes how the Creator God has been linked, is related and relate to humans. Similarly, the Bible exposes the attributes and character of God.
For these believers, the Bible is the main source of faith and doctrine in Christ. In the sixteenth century various movements of the Protestant Reformation began to experience a high attrition in philosophical discussions and separate from each other, to diminish this problem we defined the principle called "write once, meaning that only the Bible can be considered source Christian doctrine. For the Roman Catholic Church, as well as the scriptures are also a source doctrinal tradition and the teachings of the Fathers of the Church (disciples of the Apostles). This divergence between Christians escalated when defining the infallibility of the Pope Catholic, that is, their supposed absolute authority in Christian doctrine to be considered by the Catholic Church, successor of Peter and sole heir to the throne of the Apostle, having received it from the Lord the promise of possessing the "keys of the Kingdom of Heaven." While Protestant Christians reject this claim and only considered as head of the Church of Jesus Christ the Son of God. For both sides this great difference is no longer considered just a philosophical or religious, but in the words of God contained in the Bible.
For Orthodox Jews, of course, the New Testament is not valid. The rabbinic doctrine considered as a source of the Talmud, while the Karaites defended from the eighth century the Tanakh as the sole source of faith.
The Christian Bible consists of the Hebrew Scriptures, which are called the Old Testament, and some later writings known as the New Testament. Some groups within Christianity include additional books as a part or both of these sections of their sacred writings - most prominent among which are the Bible Apocrypha or deuterocanonical books.
In Judaism, the term Christian Bible is commonly used to identify books as only the New Testament that have been added by Christians to the Masoretic text, and excludes any reference to an Old Testament.